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Eland Gifts

The common eland, also known as the southern eland or eland antelope, is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. It is the largest antelope in the African continent. The name "eland" is derived from the Dutch word for moose.


Eland are mammals, and a member of either species of the Taurotragus genus of antelope.

Eland Classification:

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Taurotragus

Other Names: Antelope, Oryx,

Eland in Foreign Languages:

Irish: éalann
Navajo: tl'ée'go jádítsoh
Swahili: Mbunga

Size: Elands are world's largest antelope. Elands stand 6 feet at the shoulder, and weigh just over 2000 lbs. Both common eland and the giant eland are similar in size.

Habitat: Elands are found in Africa. Elands are found in grassland, mountain, subdesert, acacia savanna and miombo woodland areas.

Eland Species Include:

Common Eland (aka Southern Eland or Eland Antelope) - Taurotragus Oryx
Giant Eland (aka Lord Derby Eland) - Taurotragus Derbianus


Conservation Status:
Least Concern

Description: Elands have unique spiral horns that can measure 3 feet in length. Elands have a slight hump at their shoulders. An eland's coat is reddish-brown, chestnut, light tan, to gray. Elands usually have a thick shaggy mane.

Diet: Elands are herbivores, they feed on grass, succulent fruits, shrubs and leaves.

Did You Know?

Elands are nomadic, and tend to move as they graze.

Gestation: Elands carry their young for 250-270 days.

Birth: Elands give birth to a single calf at a time. Elands wean their young after about 6 months.

Sexually Mature: Female elands reach sexual maturity at 3 years of age, while males sexually mature between the ages of 4-7.

Life Span: Elands have an average life span of 15-20 years.

Did You Know?

Elands ca go for long periods without drinking, Elands get much of their moisture from their food.

Social Structure: Elands are found in groups of 100 members.

Athleticism: Elands can travel at speeds of up to 43 mph. Elands can jump up to heights of up to 4.5 feet.

Eland Gifts




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