Hyenas are scavenger dog-like mammals.
Other Names: hyeana, striped hyena, brown
hyena, laughing hyena, hyena dog,
Hyena in Foreign Languages:
Mandarin: tuláng / liègou
Navajo: tééh lééchaa'í
Romanian: hiena / hiene
Swahili: fisi sg
Species: There are three species of hyenas.
Brown Hyena - Hyaena brunnea
Striped Hyena - Hyaena hyaena
Spotted Hyena - Crocuta crocuta
Size: Hyenas are 34 to 59 inches long with a
tail that measures 10 to 14 inches. Hyenas weigh between
110 and 190 lbs. The spotted hyena is the largest hyena
Habitat: Hyenas inhabit a variety of environments
including: savannas, grasslands, woodlands, forest edges,
subdeserts and mountains. Hyenas are found in Africa
and southern Asia.
Description: Hyenas have relatively short bodies,
they have shorter and lower hind quarters, and higher
withers and longer front legs. The hyenas back slopes
noticeably downward. The hyenas necks are thick and
short. Their coats are brown, black and tan.
Behavior: Hyenas will hunt in packs or small
groups, and work to isolate prey from their herds.
Senses: Hyenas have excellent sight, hearing,
Diet: Hyenas are known for their tendency to
be scavengers and opportunistic feeders. Hyenas will
hunt wildebeest, antelope, or smaller game like birds,
lizards, snakes, and insects. They will also steal prey
from other predators.
Communication: Hyenas are social creatures
and communicate using specific calls, postures
Did You Know?
The aardwolf is the hyena's closest
Gestation: Hyenas carry their young for approximately
Birth: Hyenas give birth to litters of 2-4 cubs.
Sexually Mature: Hyenas sexually mature between
the ages of 2-3.
Life Span: Hyenas have an average life
span of 25 years. Hyenas will live in capitivity
for up to 40 years.
Did You Know?
Hyenas will eat as much as they can
in one sitting, this can be up to 40
lbs of food!
Social Structure: Hyenas gather in groups called
clans. Hyena clans can consist of as many as 80 members.