Overview of the Hyena
10 to 12 million years ago, the hyena family had split
into two distinct groups: the dog-like hyenas and the
bone-crushing hyenas. The dog-like hyenas died out,
but the bone-crushing hyenas lived on. The strength
of hyenas jaws is such that both striped and spotted
hyenas have been recorded to kill dogs with a single
bite to the neck, without breaking the skin. The spotted
hyena is known for its strong bite proportional to its
size, but several animals, like the Tasmanian devil,
have a proportionally stronger bite. Hyenas are frequently
associated with dogs. However, they have many cat-like
habits. Surprisingly, their closest living relative
is the mongoose.
Hyenas live in clans that are dominated by a matriarch,
and her female cubs will often become the future leader
of the clan. Hyena cubs will often try to kill each
other; they are the only known animal to commit fratricide.
Hyenas are territorial animals, and will fight over
their territory and its boundaries with other hyena
clans and even lion prides.Hyenas use their large numbers
and the confusion and chaos caused by large numbers,
to win battles.
The striped hyena is primarily a scavenger, although
it will occasionally attack and kill any animal it can
overcome. It also supplement its diet with fruits. The
spotted hyena occasionally scavenges, and is also an
active pack hunter.
About the Author
Jacob Maddox manages content for Wildlife Animals http://www.wildlife-animals.com
an educational wildlife and animal website. Jacob also
guest writes for Dog Pound http://www.dog-pound.net