The scientific name for tigers is Panthera Tigris.
Tigers are the largest members of the cat family. At
one time there were eight subspecies of tigers but since
the 1950ís three have become extinct. Deforestation
and hunting have significantly reduced the tiger populations.
In addition tigers are sadly often hunted as trophies.
Many tiger body parts are also used in traditional Chinese
medicine which have also caused their dwindling numbers.
The five remaining tiger subspecies are all endangered
and under protection programs.
Tigers are known for their iconic burnt orange coats
with vivid black stripes. The Tigerís size, coloring
and marking vary according to the subspecies it belongs.
The marking on a tigerís face are like fingerprints,
no two patterns are alike.
Tigers excel at hunting, they are known for their predatory
stealth. Tigers have excellent sight and excellent night
vision, as well as a good sense of smell. Tigers are
nocturnal hunters, meaning they hunt at night. Tigers
are known to travel over a significant distance to hunt
game. Tigers will attack buffalo, pigs, deer and other
large mammals. The tigers patterned coat acts as camouflage
allowing them to blend into their scenery so they can
lay in wait for their prey and pounce when they get
close. Tigers have been known to travel as many as 600
miles in search of food. Tigers are generally excellent
swimmers and are even known to hunt and kill in the
water. Tigers can require up to 88 lbs of meat at a
Tigers live alone and are known to aggressively mark
their territories to keep rivals away. Tigers are generally
solitary creatures but do on occasion travel in small
groups. Male tigers find females by their scent. Two
male tigers will fight a fierce battle over a tigress.
Tigers give birth to litters that typically contain
between two to six cubs. The tiger cuts stay with their
mothers for the first 2-3 years of age. Tigers do not
begin hunting on their own until they are 18 months
Tigers live 15-25 years in the wild.
About the Author
Jacob Maddox manages content for Wildlife Animals
http://www.wildlife-animals.com an educational wildlife
and animal website. Jacob also guest writes for Dog